The Collaboration Agreement for the Creation of the French-Mexican Formation Center was created on June 18th, 2003, for the Specialized Profession of the Post-sale Service of Peugeot.
Fifteen months later, in September 2004, the Universidad Tecnologica de Queretaro (UTEQ,) venue of these facilities, opened formation in the Automotive Post-sale area, which combines the development of administrative and technical knowledge of the automobile with the objective of shaping specific profiles that respond to this market needs.
Together with this, UTEQ pointed out two of its professors to be trained in Peugeot new technologies in the headquarters of France and Argentina.
This agreement represented one of the first alliances at a big scale among the University, Industry, and Government in Queretaro to train students; the model, known as Triple Axis, began thus to rotate its engine in the entity.
Twenty-five years later, the scheme was replicated in different educational institutions. Nowadays, practically all universities settled in the State, 21 public and 68 private, have linkage schemes.
Only one of them, the Universidad Politecnica de Queretaro (UPQ,) which just celebrated 13 years, has more than 270 agreements for stays and internships of its students in different companies.
“Students finishing their first year must have their stay, the second year is the same and the third one is very fulfilling with the stay. Where they recognize all the acquired knowledge is not at school, it is through the development of a project drawn in the industry. The student has its tutor there, who tells him how his project is developing and obviously the relationship he has with the professor here. Grades are averaged according to what both say,” underlined the rector of UPQ, Martha Elena Soto Obregon when talking about the formation model in this educational institute that goes together with the industry.
This dynamic pays off, 78.7 % of graduates of this university obtains a job in the industry; a similar situation has the Universidad Nacional Aeronautica en Queretaro (UNAQ,) when reporting 78.2 % of the TSU and 91.7 % of its engineers enter the labor market.
The state Ministry of Education says that the average time to have a job position for graduate engineers is of six months, which positions this kind of career among the most attractive for the industrial sector, without leaving aside the demand in other sectors.
In the entity, according to figures from the “Yearbook 2018. Competitive Queretaro,” held by the State Ministry of Sustainable Development (SEDESU, by its Spanish initials,) the sector that generates higher number of jobs is the Transformation industry, with 35.6 & of the total of workers insured in the State; followed by companies’ services, 21.3 %; Commerce, 15.2 %; and Construction, 9.4 percent.
The industrial sector has found an ally in the academy, underlines the president of the Employers’ Confederation of the Mexican Republic (COPARMEX, by its Spanish initials) Queretaro, Lorena Jimenez Salcedo, who announced several benefits for the businessmen through the Triple Axis model.
“Benefits are many because companies can find in the academy many solutions to their needs in technology, innovation, and human talent, for that, this relation is sought to be encouraged.”
One of the slopes this business organism encourages today is the Mexican Model of Dual Formation (MMFD, by its Spanish initials) which has the objective of linking theory and practice, “integrating the student in the company to develop his professional skills, generic and disciplinary aiming to achieve a comprehensive education based in the principle of learning by doing,” explained the union leader.
Under this scheme, students from CONALEP and CECyTEQ are integrated into labor processes in different companies, those that today participate are Hoteles Mision, Deacero, Senoplast, KI de Mexico, Zapata Camiones, Chromaflo, Galnik, and DMIC. Currently, 26 students are benefited from this synergy; last year were only six.
Other companies that have agreements and direct alliances with educational institutions are Bombardier, Aernnova, Safran, TechOps, KUO, Brose, Intel, Ericsson, Continental, GE, Mabe, and Carso, to mention a few.
This interaction not only prepares human talent, but institutions also train already employed personnel.
Jose Carlos Arredondo Velazquez, rector of UTEQ and executive secretary of the State Commission for Higher Education Planning (COEPES, by its Spanish initials) underlined the positive results reported by this linkage among academy, public and private sector. However, he recognizes that pressure is high and the demand for educational spaces in the entity is important, which reflects in the migration of education that comes from other entities in the country.
“Universities in the state of Queretaro are an attraction pole for outside students. The migration indicator we have from other States, in all universities, is of 29 %. Foreigners are remaining with almost 3 of every 10 places we offer, due to the strength of our institutions and plans,” he noted.
The current registration of students in higher education is of 84,100, 39.1 % of them study in a private institution. In the higher medium level, the amount is of 85,585 students in the State, 23.1 % is trained in private universities.
The State Ministry of Education reports that from the total of university students, 23,789 studies in some engineer career, manufacturing or construction; however, only 4,500 students graduate every year. The registry of Social Sciences and Law careers amounts to 11,583 students, of which 2,105 graduate per year; in Information Technologies and Communication a registry of 4,285 is reported, against 824 graduates, while in Arts and Humanities are 3,422 students and 560 graduates per year. In postgraduate engineering are 767 students and 250 graduates.
In order to serve the demand and avoid desertion, the state executive, through the Ministry of Education, supports schemes that seek to bring students closer to science and specific disciplines that promote vocational orientation.
MMFD, for example, is planning students’ training in companies and at school from high technological school, technician professional or high school professional technicians from Public Institutions of Higher Medium Education.
While the Bicultural Program of Industrial Approach, who currently serves 22 students from six Queretaro universities, incentives to engineering students for them to work in a project in the industry or in some of the 53 research centers in the entity.
Stays abroad also are part of the plan. The Program Engineering Bases of the Foundation Mexico-United States for Science and the Program of Students Mobility Mexprotec (France) are part of the Queretaro model; this last one chooses 200 Mexicans every year to offer them stays in that country. Last year, this program benefited 28 students from Queretaro.
These initiatives reinforce the formation of future technicians and engineers; however, the State seeks to bring science and practice of the same closer to basic levels.
Through the science for children program, 360 professors and 10 thousand 700 students of basic education explore scientific slopes and its applications in the environment. 130 public schools participate in this scheme.
These actions seek to serve the demand of the human capital of the private sector and match these requirements with the educational offer and the demand of young people for a technical or university career.
84,100 student registry in Queretaro of higher level
39.1 % of them study in a private institution
85,585 students in higher secondary level in the State
23.1 % is trained in paid universities
TOTAL ENROLLMENT CAREER GRADUATES
23,789 Engineering, manufacturing or construction 4,500
11,538 Social Sciences and Law 2,105
4,284 Information and Communication Technologies 824
3,422 Arts and Humanities 560
767 Engineering (graduates) 250
Source: Ministry of Education of the Government from the State of Queretaro