implementation of technologies 4.0 guarantees the industry efficiency in their
processes, cost reduction and more competitiveness in international markets.
Nowadays the production processes within the different sectors, from high technology to the most basic industry, are being transformed in an accelerated manner, thanks to the arrival of industry 4.0.
We can see it as an automation process through which we seek cohabiting machines and human beings to achieve higher productivity in companies, through the application of a group of technologies that include virtualization, additive manufacturing part or 3D printing, Internet of Things, cloud platforms and even autonomous robots.
APPLICATIONS IN THE INDUSTRY
The industrial internet of things is focused to connect different elements in a manufacturing plant, from a robot, a sensor, even a conventional machine; they are connected among them to start calculating the valuable things for directives, for example, equipment availability, OEE, cost per machine or operator.
This entire information flowing in an operative plant is captured, processed with an analytic and transformed in functional information for decision making on real time, achieving that by the end preventive maintenance can be made in corrective places.
“The automotive Industry, as well as in aerospace they have been able to find or monitor their information on real time and from there make decisions, if we talk about additive manufacturing they have been able to transform processes making some components more efficient or lowering the costs of others,” said in interview for Mexico Industry, Victor Avila, general director NC Tech.
The virtualization part is one of the most critical applications for companies wanting to assess their processes before manufacturing or performing an adjustment inside their production lines, they do it through a platform or virtual application and from there they make decisions. On the other hand, the automotive industry has focused in the productivity part, monitoring and operative efficiency by using internet of things platforms.
“A large number of aerospace companies are currently using virtual reality applications, mainly for training, few of them use augmented reality to provide complex maintenance operations, where through augmented reality both can see on real time the operator in Queretaro performing a repair, a detection or diagnosis of some component, guided by the advisory of an expert located in another country,” said Victor Avila.
“Within the plastics sector, the industry 4.0 subject is very important since we have very repetitive processes, therefore including these new technologies in the production processes translates in times reduction, more productivity, in addition of costs reduction in some sectors and work quality improvement for employees, since companies by requiring specialized personnel, develop their workers by giving them with more added value in the production line, providing thus, to the industry as well as to the employee mutual benefits,” said Miguel Angel Aguirre, director of the Plastics Cluster and operations director of the Tooling Institute of Queretaro.
WHICH IS THE LANDSCAPE BEING PERCEIVED IN QUERETARO?
“If we talk about the internet of things in the automotive sector here in Queretaro there is a great amount of TR1 and TR2 companies which already have global initiatives, specifically for the connectivity of their industrial equipment with ERP systems and data bases; regarding augmented reality and virtual reality, the amount of projects is lower.
However, companies focused on the internet of things, the human capital part is focusing on virtual reality, in being able to have the tools that could help them being more optimum or more efficient in their On Bording processes or of retraining in issues where equipment is potentially delicate or that require more specialization and, therefore, virtual reality is helping them in being more efficient in that point,” said the general director of NC Tech.
He refereed that in Queretaro they are already working to reduce the high rates of exports through training, managing certification programs together with the Mexican Association of Molds and Dies Manufacturing, which is integrated by different courses lectured in a period of one year which at the end will provide its students with a specialty.
“We are bringing to the State automation technologies, robotics and composed materials already applied on companies from Europe, the United States, Portugal and Japan,” noted the operations director of the Tooling Institute of Queretaro.
DIGITAL TWIN, AN IMMINENT REALITY
Digital twin is a very novelty technology worldwide, which consists in analyzing a product with sensors all this information goes to the cloud and is started to be improved based on real time.
According to Luis Carbonell, Deputy General Manager of NC Tech, a digital twin can be done to optimize a complete plant in real time and know if the layout is correct.
“Through the Industrial Internet of Things, we can start collecting all data from the operative part, while with that same technology, we can connect the entire part of IT, practically input against real output, and we can start seeing on those variables, if the way we are producing is the most optimum, or what could happen if a machine changes place, and it is there where we begin generating that digital twin of a plant or a process.”
TRAVELING INTO INDUSTRY X.0
Achieving digital transformation of business through smart technologies, connected and dynamic with learning capability is possible. Industry X.0 is the integration of each one of the technologies throughout the production chain, from the evaluation of the customers’ needs going through the design, production and finally the use of the product.
During the last nine months was achieved to produce a very drastic interest in implementing technologies as soon as possible; mainly the automotive sector is very anxious of being able to start 2019 with an initiative.
The next step is to start with artificial intelligence, as of the entire analytics collected with the internet of things; nowadays we can say that it is possible to fulfill small processes with the minimal intervention of man.
According with data published by Accenture Mexico, for companies from the industrial sector, the combination of autonomous robots, artificial intelligence, block chain, big data and 3D printing, generates a total average savings of 1.6 billion dollars; this strategic combination of technologies is also fundamental for the creation of value as business of Industry X.0.