Companies will optimize their processes through automation and supervision
Today, to talk about artificial intelligence, collaborative robots, internet of things and real time process monitoring through a mobile device for manufacturing processes, is a reality.
The fourth Industrial Revolution or better called Industry 4.0 is a trend that in European countries such as Germany, already adopted and today is arriving to Mexican companies.
Let us remember that the first Industrial Revolution took place when in 1782 with mechanization and the first steam engines; while the second Industrial Revolution was given with the industrialization from the chain production, basically with the automotive industry in 1913; later, the third Industrial Revolution arrived in 1954 with the electronic automation and the start of the electronic systems and information technologies.
However, the new era of the so called fourth Industrial Revolution has arrived with smart automation and the information and digitalization of all processes, in which converge nine technologies which are transforming the industrial production: 1. Simulation and digital molding, 2. Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing,) 3. Autonomous or collaborative robots, 4. Augmented reality, 5. Cybersecurity, 6. The cloud (Cloud computing,) 7. Big Data (Smart data storage,) 8. Internet of things and 9. Horizontal and vertical integration systems.
Luis Gerardo Barrales, Product Group Manager from the Robotics and Automation division at ABB, shared his vision about the new model Industry 4.0, where he said that having a robot is a work tool, which in addition of providing benefits, such as: efficiency, productivity increasing, increase in production levels, repeatability in some way, it is a mean in which a continuous communication which allow us monitor at all times the use operation state in which equipment is working.
“Day after day the market is more open to see a robot as a work tool, which will be collaborating with a process and will not replace a process; obviously a mind change in which we are working on,” said Luis Gerardo Barrales.
“We know today the needs of the market and we know that a robot is not replacing the workforce in some markets such as the national. What it is doing is to work in collaboration with it, is part of the new technological developments we have at ABB globally,” he indicated.
Industry 4.0 is not only about robots, but the way machines share information among them and make certain decisions, where also, the human being is the one with the last word. An example of this is machines and technology HEMAQ is integrating to the Mexican market.
“We have found that some customers are very concern for taking floor information to the place where strategic decisions can be made which are the administrative areas. Then through the control based in a PC we can obtain all the signs to know if the splined is working, if there was any alarm, if the cycles are correct, if – for example – the machine requires maintenance or if there was some unexpected situation of any kind,” said Ricardo Crespo, commercial director at HEMAQ.
Through the information survey on real time displayed in a monitor, is how a better performance is achieved. “This can be said is the most tangible impact of the internet of things, machines and tools stop being an isolated element on floor, from which is very difficult and represents a complete challenge to rise the information on real time to make a correct decision, in favor of it turning into a highly productive element and with a possibility grade of predicting and anticipating events,” emphasized Ricardo Crespo.
He indicated that currently machines tooling have evolve towards being more autonomous and more flexible, compromising more elements and functions, for example, the integration of additive manufacturing adding metal.
“It is a completely digital era, that communication among the machine, the operator and the process, everything is completely digital communication,” assured for Mexico Industry, Marcos Sepulveda, president of the Association for Technology, Manufacture and Solutions.
He said that communication speed is a point that sets Mexico at the same level of other countries to adopt this trend. “4.0 is already functioning in developed countries, but it is also in process of development and Mexico is receiving the entire information. Nowadays each communication travels faster and technology already exists and Mexico only has to use it. The potential we have to develop this market is huge, we are just starting up and we can be at the same technological level than those developed countries,” said Marcos Sepulveda.
Jose Luis Villalon, director of Target Robotics, he estimates that the industry in general will reach levels of automation similar to the automotive industry, this means a very high automation and that will generate increasing the demand, not only of robots but of technology, of trained people and facilities to automate.
“The internet of things already reached us. All robots are capable of being connected through internet to the cloud. I can be uploading a great amount of information collected from the process that the robot is performing and that information we have capacity at the cloud to process it and do something with it,” said Jose Luis Villalon.
To say of our country, Jorge Buitron Arriola, president of the Information Technologies Cluster in Queretaro (VorticelT Cluster,) said to Mexico Industry, that our country has a great area of opportunity to know the benefits of Industry 4.0 for the industries.
“You have to find the cost-benefit of the real value and the input this – Industry 4.0 – will be giving to the business; it will be giving by saving costs, decreasing operations, being more productions and with more quality of products always,” said Jorge Buitron.
He indicated that Mexico is adopting public policies at federal level through Prosoft; however, each one of the industrialized States is making their task in introducing Industry 4.0 of the companies.
“The adoption has been gradual, is an important work of culture which I see that there is an increasing interest in this and new companies are approaching. Clusters as the one from us in Queretaro we are continuously managing knowledge sessions, of involving of these benefits. Then the entrepreneur should leave the operation a little and visualize to the exterior and try to discover where and how this technologies can be of great benefit for their companies,” said the expert in Information Technologies.
QUERETARO, DEVELOPING INDUSTRY 4.0 IN MEXICO
We cannot talk about the new Industrial Revolution without mentioning that Information Technologies (IT) is the forefront to start the change. In that sense, the State of Queretaro has strengthened and promotes this sector.
According to SEDESU, from January to August this year, the production value in IT (computer equipment, communication, measurement and electronics) was located in 6,306 million pesos. This reflects a growth of 32 % in the production value in the last five years.
0.7 % of the state GDP is invested in Science and Technology, when the national average is kept 0.45 %. The IT contributes with 1.9 % of the GDP to the State. Highlighting that in the State there are 150 companies which are part of this sector, 5 Data Centers and 13 optic fiber rings with coverage of 100 % of the State of Queretaro.
Queretaro has a cluster specialized in IT, named “Vortice IT Cluster” where 155 members, which generated 707 million dollars in sales on 2016, with specialties related with Industry 4.0, mentioning: Internet of Things, Big Data Analytics, Could computing, Software embedded, artificial intelligence and 3D printing.
In the last two years 10 projects have been concreted in the IT sector which represents more than 3,700 jobs generated and a total estimated investment of 790 million pesos. Among the most highlighted are the Research and Development Center of Continental; the Operations Center of MetLife; the Regional Delivery Center for the Americas in Deloitte focused in expanding digital capabilities and of innovation; the expansion of Green Data Center of Alestra; the facility of Creativity and Innovation Center 4.0 of the Intel company; among others.