In the first semester of the year, Jalisco has exported almost 26 billion dollars
The most dynamic sectors in foreign trade are the electronics and high technology, automotive and the agro-industrial sectors, this last one with growing markets in Asia and Europe
In the Industry the logistics area is the operations’ backbone of any company, without distinction of sector. Company and region’s growth lays in its efficiency, which is reflected in the export and import rates, national and foreign investments, in jobs generation, among others.
For Juan Hilario Padilla Rivera, general manager at WN Group, as Jalisco houses the so known Mexico’s Silicon Valley, is imperative that all actors participating in logistics are aligned to satisfy logistics and distribution needs.
“The potential Jalisco has regarding geographic situation is very good because it as a port, an airport, railprt and intermodal via,” said Padilla Rivera. In this sense Miguel Angel Landeros Volquarts, president of the Mexican Business Council for Foreign Trade, Investment and Technology Occidente (COMCE, by its Spanish initials) emphasized that despite of not being a border State, Jalisco provides little more than 14 % of foreign trade nationwide.
Landeros Volquarts assured that logistics is a basic factor for foreign trade, since being a transversal sector, affects the development of the entire industry.
“The issue of foreign trade is walking in an extraordinary manner. According to data from the Ministry of Treasury and Public Credit (SHCP, by its Spanish initials) in 2016 Jalisco exported 47 billion dollars,” he said.
Industry and Infrastructure
According to data from COMCE Occidente, 67 % of the merchandise moved in foreign trade matters goes through roads, having as its main destination the United States. Regarding this, Miguel Angel Landeros said that more than 45 billion dollars are invested in the area in roads infrastructure, which are reflected in works such as the Guadalajara macrolibramiento, is a big impulse to foreign trade, although there are still some lags in logistic issues.
On the other hand, Daniel Curiel Rodriguez, coordinator of the Council of Industrial Chambers of Jalisco (CCIJ, by its Spanish initials) shared that one of the main concerns of the industrial sector in the area is the infrastructure modernization, in roads as well as in the railroad and aerial sector.
“Today, cargo transportation companies in Jalisco have a deficit of 4 thousand operators, which is practically translated in 4 thousand stopped trucks that cannot make logistics,” at the same time he said that the demands from the growing sectors such as the agro-industrial will make this need more obvious.
Likewise, he noted that the tendency implies that aerial cargo transportation will grow 50 % in the next few years, therefore the business leaders is in constant communication with the government aiming to serve the logistic needs regarding infrastructure. Main issues are a second runway for the Guadalajara airport and better accesses to cargo trucks customs.
Formation of quality human resources
Juan Hilario Padilla Rivera, general manager of WN Group, said that universities paly a fundamental role in the sector’s development, since they are the ones in charge of preparing trained people at a technical and professional level.
However, he pointed out that having in fact a positive impact in the sector, universities should be in continuous communication with the industry for the review and update of their study plans, since the logistics area is in constant change.
Some universities that have programs related to this topic are the Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara (UAG,) the Instituto Technologico y de Estudios Superiores de Occidente (ITESO) and the Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG) with the recently created logistics and transportation engineering.
Ricardo Vaca Uribe, general director of Wise International, considered that despite what happens with the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiation, Mexico is in an ideal moment to diversify markets, which will also bring implications for logistics infrastructure and foreign trade systems, which currently are focused in the trading with the United States.
A first action would be to seek a joint work between sectors, aimed to take advantage of shipment and improve import and export competitiveness. Likewise to see new possibilities, such as position Guadalajara as a logistics node between South America, Europe and Asia, through the absorption of some of the functions that today are developed in the customs of the Los Angeles, California airport.
“Interesting times are coming; we are in a period of strong changes in foreign trade technologies, with customs modernization, communication systems and other technologies to which companies should adapt to improve their processes and thus benefit commerce fluency,” he concluded.