The evolution of this Industry has settle a growth in electronic manufacture of the area
The relation between electronic manufacturing and the automotive industry is getting closer and closer, thanks to the economic dynamism from the arrival of multinational companies to the country, as at the same time it generates jobs, transfers technology and attracts new investments.
According to a study held by specialists from the Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico (UAM,) the concentration and growth of the automotive industry has had an important performance in the impulse of the manufacturing sector where it settles, by its contribution to the state GDO as for the generation of jobs.
“The automotive sector is one of the most important and of the ones that had generated more growth in the last years. It is a stable market, that helps us making plans and strategies to grow and cover the industry requirements,” said Daniel Esparza Madrigal, regional director of global purchases at Flex.
The directive said that Mexico is the seventh vehicles producer globally. “We are representing 3.4 million automobiles per year. Moreover we are, the fourth light vehicles producer with more than 2.8 million and the sixth heavy vehicles producer,” he added.
“The electronic manufacturing has been becoming more dispersed in national territory by the growth of the automotive sector. For this, there are many companies dedicated to automotive electronics in cities that one cannot image. Geographic areas were the electronic assembly is stronger is Jalisco, Ciudad Juarez, Reynosa, Matamoros, Monterrey, Mexicali, Tijuana, Queretaro, Puebla, Tlaxcala and Zacatecas,” shared Ivan Romo, president of SMTA Mexico.
Jalisco, area of interest
The proximity of Jalisco to the Bajio area, with important presence of assembler plants, promotes the interest of Tier 1 and 2 supplier companies to install in this entity. To that is added the proximity of the Manzanillo port, one of the most important in the country. These characteristics have been exploited by the Government, that together with the private initiative have achieved to attract investments that consolidate Jalisco as one important player of the automotive corridor.
One of the main reasons for many supplying companies of the automotive industry worldwide have production plants in Mexico is the quality of the workforce.
In recent years, great part of the industrial ecosystem of the west region has attempted to get into the fourth industrial revolution, also called industry 4.0. Luis Aguirre Lang, elected president of Index Nacional, shared in an interview that the processes automation is an opportunity to specialize the human resource, training then and making the area more attractive for companies.
Nationally, the automotive sector generates more than 800 thousand jobs, while at Jalisco level this figure increases to 23 thousand, according to data from the Automotive Cluster of the State of Jalisco.
Alexandro Burgueno, Cluster director, informed that in the first 8 months of 2017, the automotive industry in Jalisco generated exports by 5,447 million dollars, which represents 6.11 percent of the total exports in the country. This figure includes companies dedicated to the design and manufacture of electronic elements of vehicles.
The automobile of the future
Thanks to the vast variety of high technology companies settled in the west area of the country, Guadalajara has the nickname of been the Mexican Silicon Valley. There are few those who said that fairly in this place are developed part of the technologies that the automobile of the future will be adopting.
Studies done by experts from the Universidad Tecnica de Munich said that electronics and software in automobiles increased in more than 15 % in 10 years only and the trend continues to rise.
The increasing importance of the computing and software systems from the vehicles is making the industry to prioritize their research and development areas in order for them to be suitable to face this challenge. While, companies dedicated to other sectors, have diversified their interest areas and invested in new technologies.
“Cars today are computers with wheels, but future cars will be robots,” said Enrique Cortes, director of Luxoft Mexico.
In that sense, Daniel Esparza mentioned that the relation the user has with the automobile will change exponentially in the next years, since they will increase the functions of connectivity, safety and even entertainment in vehicles.
“In 2025 there will be cars that can be driven alone. For then the technology and production will be more established and regulated. More business opportunities are coming, we can stop bringing other countries’ products and develop here in Mexico,” he ended.