Due to its strategic geographic location and of high availability for solar and wind power energy, Guanajuato has potential to develop projects of alternative energies.
According to the State Government, more than 2 billion dollars in investments from companies generating renewable energies have arrived to Guanajuato. Recently, the Spanish company Iberdrola announced the installation of a wind power electrical central in the municipality of San Felipe, which strengthens the energy sector of Guanajuato.
Among the competitive advantages Guanajuato has highlight the conditions for the use in solar and wind power energies matters.
Gustavo Romero Lara, general director of SDES infrastructure, explained that Guanajuato published in 2015 the Lay for Promotion of Use of Renewable Sources of Energy and Energy Sustainability, as a way of aligning to the Federal Energy Reform, being the Energy Regulatory Commission the responsible of this “logistic circulatory system” in Mexico, as it regulates the electricity in its generation and transfer in hydrocarbons matters, transportation, storage, distribution and final sale.
He announced that there are important challenges for Guanajuato towards 2024, as according with the Energy Reform, 35 % of the electricity in Mexico must have to be extracted from a clean source to comply the climate change law.
In addition, for 2050, it is expected that Mexico will be using energy sources in a 60 %, with all that, Guanajuato has implemented strategies to face the challenge.
Currently, there are renewable energy plants in the entity: Energia Azteca, Energia San Luis de la Paz InterGen, Enel Green Power Don Jose, Planta Laja (DEACERO-FISTERRA,) Escalante (Vive Energia,) Iberdrola Salamanca and son Iberdrola San Felipe.
“Many of these investors are already selling this energy in Guanajuato as well as in other parts of the country, practically this energy is already committed,” Romero said.
He noted that in order to face the energy reform, in Guanajuato already has first level corridors and projects in process such as a combined cycle plant which will be located between Celaya and Salamanca, in a co-investment with Deacero, for this project there is already certain amount of energy committed.
In addition, he revealed that there are other eight projects more from which their environmental impact assessments were reviewed before the SEMARNAT and another wind power project is in process. With all them is intended to generate 1,263 MW.
“It is here where shape is given to what we know as energy corridors in Guanajuato,” he said.
IBERDROLA INVEST IN GUANAJUATO
The Spanish company Iberdrola decided to reinforce its betting on Mexico with new investments in eight electric generation projects in the period 2018-2022.
Guanajuato is inside the planning where they will be investing about 160 million dollars in an energy station that will have an extension of 200 hectares and 50 wind turbines GAMESA B114 (2.1 MW.)
The station named Central Eolica Santiago will be located in the municipality of San Felipe, there will be an installed capacity of 105 MW and will have 241 GWh/year of energy, which is comparable with the consumption of more than 38,000 homes.
The construction of the wind power park started in March this year and it is expected that the assembly of the wind turbines will be done in August to start operations in the middle of 2019.
Alfonso Campos, manager of Iberdrola Renovables Mexico, said that for three years they have been working to fulfill this project with the objective of minimizing loses and maximize the production of energy in the country.
“For three years we were analyzing the area seeking for the best optimization and more performance, this is a very complicated project located at high altitude above sea level and wind turbines depend on the wind to generate energy,” he said.
He emphasized that the study threw positive results for the installation of this Wind Power Central, which will generate about 700 direct and indirect jobs.
Guillermo Romero Pacheco, head of the Ministry of Economic Sustainable Development, referred that Iberdrola Mexico became the first private electricity producer in the country, and it is the first development of its kind in Guanajuato.
“In Mexico they generate 16 % of the electricity used in the country, it is the second largest energy producer in Mexico. And they have been settled as an objective that 35 % of the energy comes from clean sources in 2024,” he said.
POSITIONING IN MEXICO
Enrique Alba, delegate council of Iberdrola Renovables Mexico, highlighted that this country is a priority market for the company, where they have the vision of a long term presence.
With almost 20 years of having arrived to the country, it increased its investments in more than 6,000 MW of capacity and 17 operative plants. Only year and a half, Iberdrola launched two combined cycle plants, two of cogeneration and two photovoltaic generators, and two wind power centers are being developed (Guanajuato and Puebla,) what allowed increasing its capacity in more than 10 percent.
“We have a great commitment with you, with all the developments that we have here, Iberdrola Mexico will produce more energy than in Spain. This is a very important project for us and for you,” he said.
Currently, this multinational company operates in Spain, Portugal, United Kingdom, the United States, Mexico and Brazil.
It is expected that for 2020 a total of 25 plants with a generation greater than 10,000 MWh (megawatt-hour) of installed power will be located in the country, what represents 25 % of consumption in Mexico.
He ended with the commitment they have with the increase and development of employees, as well as the obtaining of alliances with universities and business schools to have a workforce integrated by Mexicans.
Gustavo Romero Lara, general infrastructure director of the SDES, said that there are many alternative energy sources in Mexico, and especially Guanajuato has a potential for solar, wind power, biomass generation energy, hydraulic energy and for the construction of natural gas ducts and to co-generate energy, as well as for the construction of combined cycle plants.
“Guanajuato is not starting from zero, it already has a developed infrastructure and with transmission lines interconnected to the federal system, together with the distribution lines, what already forms a critical mass,” he said.
He explained that these transmission lines are connected to power substations where Guanajuato practically makes the electric energy distribution to the networks, by connecting with strategically located substations from the entire State for then provide the service.
“In the central part of the corridor – which is highway 45 – is where we are stronger, in highway 57 is where the electric infrastructure is being developed. We have more than 100 distribution substations and the pendent substations from all the developments have been given in the State, we are generating a strong infrastructure for the generation of alternative energies,” he noted.
GUANAJUATO: A POTENTIAL MARKET
In Mexico, 28 % of the electricity is produced from clean sources and it is here where new market niches are projected.
The electric infrastructure of the state of Guanajuato ranges between the 36,872 kilometers of cabling and has more than 2 million users, while annual consumption is of 12,072 GWh (gigawatts-hours) per year.
Romero Lara explained that in the domestic market is where most of the users exist but the least amount of energy is consumed.
However, he said that the economic sectors such as agriculture users are lesser but their energy consumption is higher, occupying 62 % of the energy consumption being sold in Guanajuato with almost 7,487 GWh per year.
“The State has an electrifying grade of 99.3 %, and then we see that the more electrified a State is the less consumption, as basically what is reflecting is that we cannot transform this in electric energy sales possibilities,” he said.
According to the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE, by its Spanish initials) the economic sectors in Guanajuato consume 12,072 GWh, Guanajuato produces about 7,500 GWh, the remaining 4,572 GWh is obtained from other parts of the country.
Guanajuato has an average rate of annual growth of 3 % in consumers, but the trend of energy generation also reinforces this market segment.
In 2024, the economic sectors will consume 75 % of the energy, therefore it is urgent to use clean energies, and this means that Guanajuato has an opportunity in energy generation to be sold through alternative or renewable sources.
Regarding 62 % of the energy consumption in the economic sectors there is an economic development policy that has been implemented for years.
He mentioned the example of a pyramid where anchor or tractor companies are located at the upper part, such as cars assemblers; in a second place are the Tier1 companies, in the middle are located the Tier2 and Tier3 companies and at the base are the SMEs, thus presenting the different market segments, therefore emerges the question what is Guanajuato doing in investment attraction matters.
The directive assured that it is not coincidence that anchor companies are distributed throughout the Guanajuato industrial corridor and that once the presence of these companies is present enough industrial spaces must be generated to consolidate the supply chain.
“Five years ago, we had eight industrial parks in Guanajuato which complied with the 046 standard, with three industrial cities and 17 industrial areas. In this administration were reached 2,700 hectares with 26 investment projects in the State and this economic development policy take us to a more balanced Guanajuato. We can take the development to the areas where they need it the most, in such manner that we generate a critical mass for the consumption of electric energy,” he considered.
We warned that by taking into account that there are 11 parks projects for small and medium companies, 15 are for Tier1 and Tier2 companies and strategic projects for assemblers, there will be a demand of 1,240 mva (megavolts) for 2024.
“We have more than 100 projects to be installed in the incoming years; in addition, the projection program 2020-2040 we will be working in projects such as agroparks to turn Guananjuato in ‘Mexico’s Fridge’ this will require a high electric energy consumption,” he emphasized.
DUCTS AND NATURAL GAS
Guanajuato was blessed in this sector, as it has a 35 inches duct that comes from the south entering by the compression station of Valtierrilla; from there it derives in 16 inches towards Lazaro Cardenas, continues in 36 inches to Guadalajara and goes into a private duct to Aguascalientes and Zacatecas.
In addition, it has a 16 inches duct that goes from Queretaro, San Luis de la Paz, San Luis Potosi and due to the saturation, it was settled a compression station in Queretaro-Guanajuato, providing it with an entrance to the entire east part of the state, relieving in San Luis de la Paz – San Luis Potosi.
Together with the electric energy generation and the amount of required ducts that the inventory levels are raised in Mexico, currently with these terminals registered an average of three fuel inventory routes, it is expected that with the private investment this inventory could grow to five routes in 2019, to 10 in 2021 and 15 in 2025.
It is here where the location of these industrial developments is anticipating its potential to install these distribution terminals as soon as possible.
Guanajuato has different natural gas ducts, as it has the branch of Tula – Viilla de Reyes, which will be crossing through 17 municipalities in the State and it strengths with the Los Ramones 40 inches duct, generating the required infrastructure in Guanajuato to generate electricity creating a powerful ecosystem with the states of Queretaro and San Luis Potosi, so that from an strategic site as the State of Guanajuato, it can be distributed to other states.
CLEAN ENERGY GENERATION
In matter of clean energy generation, Guanajuato advances in solar radiation matters, the potential it has for the generation of energy together with the existing electric infrastructure, makes the State have potential, giving way to generate wind power also.
With the political Economic Development the State government has done is assured the development of nodes for the generation and sale of electric energy and for the establishment of distribution units.